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Lampu UV mana yang terbaik untuk pensterilan?

Masa: 2020-04-08

Nowadays, UV light (ultraviolet light) is popping up as the answer to killing viruses and bacteria. However, if we lack a basic understanding of different UV light, there will be more risks than benefits.

Wha is UV light?

Cahaya UV adalah sejenis gelombang radiasi elektromagnetik yang datang langsung dari Matahari dan bertanggung jawab atas sejumlah risiko, seperti sinar matahari musim panas, selaran matahari, masalah mata, barah kulit, dll.


Juga, sinar UV memberi kesan positif pada tubuh manusia kerana kita semua tahu bahawa ia mendorong pengeluaran Vitamin D dan membantu sistem kekebalan tubuh mencari dan memusnahkan penyerang bakteria dan virus.


waht is uv light


Panjang gelombang berkisar antara 100 - 400 nm (nanometer) dan terdiri daripada pelbagai jenis sinar. Yang biasa kita ketahui ialah UV-A, UV-B, dan UV-C. Mereka mempunyai panjang gelombang yang berbeza, sifat biologi dan aplikasi kehidupan.


Before formal introduction ,we need to remember one rule of uv light, that is, the shorter the wavelength, the stronger the energy, but the weaker the penetration, the faster the disappearance.


Three types of uv light

UV light: UV-A

A higher wavelength of UV light, which is 320 – 400 nm, is known as UVA light.


About 10% of sunlight being UV light and only about 3% to 4% penetrating the atmosphere to reach the ground. UV Light reaching our Earth's surface has almost 95% of the UVA light and 5% of the UVB light, while most of the UVC light is absorbed by Oxygen which is available in the Earth's atmosphere, thus forming Ozone layer.


proportion of uv light

In a word, we are all exposed to a high level of UVA light in our daylights.


  • Advantages of UV light: UVA


UVA has strong penetrating power and can even invade windows. Therefore, it was widely used for curing. For example, many people use UVA to quicky cure small fillers made of UV-Sensitive resins.


Selain menyembuhkan, UVA juga mempunyai manfaat pensterilan yang diabaikan.


UVA has a higher IPCE (Incident Photon-to-Current Efficiency) than other uv light wavelengths and can achieve photocatalyst activity when comes into contact with the TiO2.


Photicatalyst action under uv light

Through the photocatalyst, an oxidation-reduction chemical reaction occurs.  All carbon-based organisms, including bacteria, viruses, smoke, formaldehyde, pollen, mites, etc, will be disintegrated into H2O & CO2.


  • Disadvantages of UV light: UVA


1. UVA can penetrate deep into the skin and cause sunburn, aging, and wrinkling on the human skin. It also contributes to the growth of skin cancer.


2. With the longer wavelength,  Cahaya UV has weaker energy. Therefore, UVA can't kill virues and bacteria alone without photocatalyst activity.


UV Light: UVB

UVB light has a shorter wavelength, ranging between 280 nm and 320 nm. It can be filtered and can not propagate through glass materials.

  • Advantages of UV light: UVB


People suffering from a shortage of Vitamin D and high blood pressure, exposure of the UVB light assists in lowering their blood pressure.


The favorable features of UVB light can be used to protect human beings from infection and treat few skin problems.


  • Disadvantages of UV light: UVB

UVB light is mainly accountable for causing skin burns. It infiltrates the out layer of the human skin and causes severe injuries.


It has neither strong energy nor strong penetrating ability, so it belongs to the uv light without help in sterilization.


UV Light: UVC

A part of UV light having the shortest wavelength is known as UVC light. Its wavelength is 200-280 nm and is popular for its sterilization effect.


Although UVC light can't reach the earth's surface, many manufacturers have developed man-made UVC LED.

To make better use of UVC light, we have developed a new lighting technology, which can make the UVC sourcing in a very small size with 3.5mm x 3.5mm without mercury.


  • Advantages of UV light: UVC

UVC has a number of benefits for human beings. It isolates the DNA of a germ that disallows the germ to breed or propagate and minimize its attacks on the living bodies including humans.

Ia bertindak membawa maut terhadap mikroorganisma seperti virus, bakteria, dan lain-lain, yang menyebabkan berlainan masalah kesihatan seperti asma, clama, atau selsema.

 uv light spectrum

  • Disadvantages of UV light: UVC


1. UVC can not discriminate between the human body and viruses, bacteria. It is responsible for redness and ulceration of the human skin and affects the human eye cells when a human body is exposed to it for a short period of time.


2. UVC has the tendency of electromagnetic waves to travel in a straight line. Combined with weak penetration ability, the sterilization conditions for UVC are strict, including small & confined space, long enough operating time, working without the presence of the human.


In conclusion, different UV lights have different functions. We should understand them in depth and make full use of their strengths. Only in this way can we achieve the best sterilization effect.


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